Kotlin vs Groovy: A Comparison Guide for Android App Development in 2022-2023

Over the years, websites and apps have become an apparent reason to optimize business growth by reaching a potential group of audience.

There is no doubt in saying that Android is the most demanding mobile OS worldwide. When it comes to building a mobile app, the Android OS grabs all the attention.

Today for Android app development we have a bunch of languages serving different purposes for mobile app developers. Kotlin and Groovy are two such programming languages that stand out in the competition to become the developers' best choice.

Let's look at the comparison guide of Kotlin vs Groovy to help you have a deep understanding of both programming languages.

What is Kotlin?

Kotlin is a high-level, open-source statically typed programming language that came into existence in 2012 and runs on Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

Jetbrains initially developed Kotlin in 2011. Later google announced it as the official language for Android Development in 2017.

Kotlin is user-friendly, just like most Java-compatible programming languages. Many programmers claim that Kotlin is a modern and safe programming language.

Top Industries Using Kotlin :

  • Uber
  • Pinterest
  • Evernote
  • Coursera
  • Trello

Benefits of Kotlin App Development

  • Official Android development language
  • It is compatible with Java
  • Requires less coding
  • Easy to maintain
  • It has null in the type system

What is Groovy?

Groovy is an object-oriented programming language that came into existence much before Kotlin. Groovy 1.0 was released in 2007.

Groovy is a dynamic scripting language for the Java platform, and it can be used as both a scripting language and a programming language. Groovy is similar to Java and can easily integrate with existing java code for better visibility.

Top Industries Using Groovy :

  • Linkedin
  • Oracle
  • Netflix

Benefits of Groovy App Development

  • Groovy supports both static and dynamic typing
  • Can easily integrate with the existing interface
  • It has a rich collection of java libraries
  • Backed by a wide range of frameworks
  • Provides support for languages like HTML and XML

Difference between Kotlin and Groovy

FILE EXTENSION.groovy.kts , .kt
FEATURESRuntime and Compile-time programming, static and dynamic typing, XML/HTML support, closures, and builders, etcSafe and reliable, reduces runtime crashes, static typing, null safety, etc
ECOSYSTEMIt has a wide variety of in-built features and testing toolsIt has a limited amount of libraries and is new in the market
COMPILATIONGroovy is a dynamically typed languageKotlin is a statically typed language
NULL SAFETYDo not ensure null safetyEnsure null safety
PERFORMANCE TIMEGroovy is slower compared to Java and KotlinThe performance time is similar to Java
SEE ALSO : Best Mobile App Ideas

The Bottom Line: Groovy vs Kotlin

The decision of choosing the programming language between Kotlin vs Groovy depends on the objective of the application.

The main benefit of both the programming languages is that both are compatible with Java, so it is more reliable and safe to write the code with Groovy and Kotlin.

If you have an app idea but are not sure about the process, reach out to our android app development company.

Our expert web and app developers will guide you through the App Development process in detail.

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