React vs Angular: Which JS Framework is Better for Front-end in 2024?

In web app development, choosing between React and Angular is a key decision for front-end enthusiasts entering 2024, especially when considering React as a JavaScript library and Angular as a comprehensive front-end framework. 

React and Angular are widely discussed, each with unique strengths and benefits.

React is well-known for its flexibility and simplicity. Thanks to its component-based approach, it helps developers create interactive user interfaces easily.

Angular is a robust framework. It offers a complete set of tools and a structured environment for those looking for a comprehensive front-end solution.

The ongoing debate of React vs Angular is always there. Our goal here is to compare this framework and the Javascript library to understand their strengths, performance, learning curve, community support, and much more to help you figure out your needs better in 2024.

What is React

React is a Javascript framework that has gained popularity for building front-end applications. It is a typescript-based library that allows developers to create React apps quickly and efficiently.

React is an open-source JavaScript library for front-end development that enables users to build interfaces with reusable components. Its building-block approach allows developers to create interactive UIs easily.

The 'learn once, write anywhere' principle enables scalable app development across various platforms. Managed by Facebook's React team and a vast community, it undergoes continuous improvement.

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Features that make React stand out from Angular

  • Clear views: Makes things simpler for developers.
  • JSX: A cool way to blend HTML and JavaScript for easier coding.
  • Virtual DOM: Updates only what's needed, making things super fast.
  • One-way data binding: Streamlines data handling.
  • Flexible building blocks: Allows mixing and matching for creative designs.

Advantages of React

Let’s take a closer look at the advantages of React:

  1. Simple to learn because of its straightforward design.
  2. Easy to reuse and predict how the code behaves.
  3. Easier debugging and view-oriented.
  4. Faster development time.
  5. App migration between different versions is very easy.
  6. Supports a React Native library for mobile app development.
  7. Faster updates on both the server side and front-end support side.
  8. Easier integration with third-party libraries.

Disadvantages of React

  1. React's lack of strict guidelines may lead to inconsistent code across projects.
  2. Learning JSX and functional programming concepts can be challenging for newcomers.
  3. State management complexity may increase as applications grow.

What is Angular

Angular is a JavaScript framework that is popular for building front-end applications in 2024. It is a typescript-based framework that uses two-way data binding, making it easy for Angular developers to create dynamic Angular applications.

With integrated libraries, client-server communication, cross-platform functionality, and the MVC (Model View Controller), Angular accelerates front-end development speed.

Angular is developed and maintained by Google's Angular team. The latest version, Angular 17, offers a range of developer tools to scale projects, from solo to large enterprise applications. Angular is a complete revamp of AngularJS (no longer maintained), yet it evolves and improves.

Key features that distinguish Angular from React include

  • Declarative Views: Simplifies development by offering clear views.
  • TypeScript Integration: Enhances code quality by leveraging TypeScript's strong typing.
  • Two-Way Data Binding: Provides efficient synchronization between the model and the view.
  • Angular CLI: Offers a powerful command-line interface for project management.
  • Dependency Injection: Facilitates efficient component management and promotes code maintainability.

Advantages of Angular

Let’s take a deeper look into the benefits of Angular:

  1. Simplifies development with clear and expressive views.
  2. Easier to develop, maintain, test, deploy and update.
  3. Synchronization is possible between the model and the view.
  4. Helps to extend HTML syntax and lets you create reusable components.
  5. Built-in features like AngularCLI.
  6. Supports modular development that enhances code organization.
  7. Facilitates app development across various platforms: web, mobile, and desktop.
  8. Large and active community that offers resources, updates, and solutions.

Disadvantages of Angular

  1. Angular's steep learning curve may require significant time and effort to master.
  2. Verbose syntax and strict conventions can lead to boilerplate code.
  3. The framework's performance overhead may impact smaller projects.

Angular vs React: What is Different?

Let’s take a look at fundamental differences and compare technical functionalities between React and Angular.

Developed ByGoogleMeta Group
Release DateOctober 2010May 2013
Written InTypescriptJavascript
Technology TypeFull-fledged structural frameworkJavaScript-based library
ConcurrencyIt uses multithreaded blocking I/O to carry out multiple tasks to run parallel alongside each otherIt uses an event-driven non-blocking I/O execution model
Front-end development approachIntegrates JavaScript with HTML and utilizes the real DOM client-side renderingUtilises JSX, an XML-like syntax, and leans towards server-side rendering
Dynamic UI bindingUI binding at the level of plain objects or propertiesDirectly links states to the UI elements
App structureFixed and complex component-based frameworkFlexible, component-based
Data bindingTwo-wayOne-way
Dependency injectionFully supportedNot supported
Learning curveSteepModerate
GitHub Stars93k217k
Popular AppsPaypal, Gmail, UpworkFacebook, Instagram, Skype

Detailed Comparison React vs Angular

The main difference between React and Angular comes from various factors. We'll go through each of these differences step by step.

Language and Architechture

Let’s understand language and architecture first,

React: React utilizes JavaScript, providing flexibility and benefiting from a vast developer community. It manages applications by component-based method, simplifying the independent maintenance of UI elements.

Angular: Angular uses TypeScript, providing strong typing and excellent tooling. Its architecture follows a structured framework with predefined solutions. It encourages a modular approach, ensuring consistency and scalability in bigger projects.


Statistics serve as a compass in tech, Let's look at some engaging numbers that will show you which framework is better performing in the industry.

React: React leads in popularity on Google Trends, indicating higher search interest. In a 2023 Statista survey, React ranked as the second most used global web framework, highlighting its widespread adoption.

According to BuiltWith statistics, approximately 13,717,538 clients use React. Moreover, React boasts 217k stars on GitHub, reinforcing its strong position in the development industry.

Angular: Angular appeals to developers with its comprehensive pre-built solutions, simplifying development. 

Around 365,390 websites use it, and it holds 93k stars on GitHub. Angular and React develop to meet industry needs, staying at the forefront of front-end development frameworks.

Data Binding

The main difference between Angular and React is how they handle state management. Let’s understand more.

React: React uses one-way data binding, rendering modifications in the UI model only after updating the model state first. And whenever the UI component gets changed, the state model remains the same. Check out the below example,


// Counter.js
import React, { useState } from 'react';

function Counter() {
const [counter, setCounter] = useState(0);

const increment = () => {
    setCounter(counter + 1);

return (
          <h2>React Counter</h2>
          <p>Value: {counter}</p>
          <button onClick={increment}">Increment</button>

export default Counter;                    

Angular: Angular supports both one-way and two-way data binding. In two-way, whenever any UI element changes, the model state also changes automatically. You can check below,


// app.component.ts

import { Component } from '@angular/core';

    selector: 'app-root',
    template: `
         <h2>Angular Counter</h2>
         <p>Value: {{ counter }}</p>
         <button (click)="increment()">Increment</button>
    styleUrls: ['./app.component.css']
export class AppComponent {
counter = 0;

increment() {


Componentization in web development aims to split front-end features into separate components. These parts are self-contained, making them simpler to reuse, test, secure, deploy, and update without causing issues in the app. It helps to split the project among multiple developers and makes the app easier to scale with changing demands.

React: In React, developers combine components in JavaScript and HTML files written in JSX. They can be either class-based or pure functions, chosen based on what the developer needs. When passing information between components (using properties), React follows a one-way flow.


// Button.js
import React from 'react';
const Button = ({ label, onClick }) => (
    <button onClick={onClick}>{label}</button>
export default Button;

// App.js
import React from 'react';
import Button from './Button';

class App extends React.Component {
    onButtonClick = () => {
        console.log('Button clicked!');
render() {
    return <Button label="Click me" onClick={this.onButtonClick} />;

export default App;

Angular: In Angular, components are marked with decorators like @Component, serving as functions that modify services, directives, or filters before using them. These decorators help identify if a class is a module or component and gather essential information to decide how a view should be displayed. 


// button.component.ts            
import { Component, Input, Output, EventEmitter } from '@angular/core';

    selector: 'app-button',
    template: '<button (click)="onClick()">{{ label }}</button>',
    styles: ['button { cursor: pointer; }']

export class ButtonComponent {
    @Input() label: string = 'Click me';
    @Output() clicked: EventEmitter<void> = new EventEmitter<void>();
    onClick(): void {

// app.component.ts
import { Component } from '@angular/core';
    selector: 'app-root',
    template: '<app-button (clicked)="onButtonClick()"></app-button>'

export class AppComponent {
    onButtonClick(): void {
    console.log('Button clicked!');


The DOM (Document Object Model) is a graph that represents the user's current browser view. Developers modify the DOM to change the user's view, but these changes are costly based on performance. Both frameworks rely on the DOM differently. Let's check out how.

React: React uses a virtual DOM (Document Object Model), a lightweight copy of the actual DOM. It's an intermediary that sits between the developer's code and the real DOM. In React, when changes happen, it updates the virtual DOM. Then compares it with the previous version, identifies necessary changes, and updates only those specific parts in the real DOM. This approach reduces webpage manipulations, resulting in faster and more efficient updates.

Angular: Angular directly interacts with the real DOM. When changes occur, Angular directly modifies the real DOM, showing updates instantly. However, this method might involve more direct webpage manipulations compared to React's virtual DOM strategy, affecting performance, especially in complex applications.


Angular and React are the leading forces in web app development, and each brings unique strengths for high performance. While React is renowned for its performance, Angular isn't far behind. Let's compare their performance!

React: React's virtual DOM is a key feature that boosts application performance. This feature lets developers make changes without rewriting the entire HTML document. Additionally, React renders updates and revives data on web pages for a smoother user experience.

The reusability factor in React components serves as a remarkable advantage, mainly when dealing with complex logic across different projects.

Designers also benefit from React's component reusability, which doubles productivity and simplifies coding practices. From simple checkboxes and buttons to wrapper and root components, this method ensures consistent app performance. These practices also enhance code quality and maintenance, providing high performance across applications.

Angular: Angular allows you to fine-tune code structures, mainly by optimizing the digest cycle. This approach ensures better performance as codebases expand to include multiple modules. Monitoring and optimizing the loop contribute to verifying and incorporating previously assessed improvements.

For projects that do not need two-way data binding, older Angular versions simplify processes. Angular's $cacheFactory feature aids in data memorization and recalculations, enhancing overall performance.

Angular uses the real DOM for rendering but employs a unique change detection mechanism with zones. This combination ensures swift application updates, contributing to faster and optimized web experiences.

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Learning Curve

React: React's learning curve is more user-friendly. It relies on JavaScript and JSX, enabling quick application development. Its focus is on a component-based approach. And simpler concepts make it an accessible choice for beginners in front-end development.

Angular: Learning Angular requires handling its powerful but complex framework. It involves understanding TypeScript, modules, and complex dependency injection, demanding dedicated effort for proficiency due to its structured nature.

Community and Ecosystem

React: React has a large and active community supported by numerous libraries and tools. Its ecosystem comprises a multitude of third-party integrations, offering solutions for various needs. This vibrant community continually contributes to React's growth and evolution.

Angular: Angular boasts a robust community with extensive documentation and support. Its ecosystem includes a comprehensive set of tools, libraries, and official resources backed by Google. This well-organized community fosters continuous enhancements and provides complete solutions for developers.

Code Quality and Maintenance

Angular: Angular's structured approach, enforced by its opinionated nature, offers a clear path for developers. Its built-in tools and adherence to TypeScript ensure robust code and early error detection, making maintenance smoother in the long run. However, its strict conventions and steep learning curve can be hurdles for newcomers, requiring dedication to master and maintain code consistency.

React: React's flexibility empowers developers to build applications in a way that suits their needs. Its component-based architecture promotes code reusability and separation of concerns, simplifying maintenance tasks. Yet, this freedom comes with the responsibility of making decisions about project structure and tooling, which may result in inconsistencies across projects if not managed carefully.

ReactJS or Angular: Which and When To Choose 

Let's look at important aspects that help in choosing between Angular and React.

Choose ReactJS when you:

  • Want to develop customised app solutions.
  • Need an app with several events.
  • Have developers with expertise in HTML, CSS, and Javascript.
  • Want to build cross-platform mobile apps.

Choose Angular when you:

  • Want to develop enterprise-grade feature-rich applications.
  • Have low to medium-level complexity.
  • Have developers with expertise in C#, Java, and Angular.
  • Want to build ready-made solutions and enhanced productivity.
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Wrapping Up

When it comes to choosing a front-end framework for your web development project in 2024, the debate between React and Angular is still ongoing. React is a JavaScript library that allows for the creation of high-performing and dynamic user interfaces.

On the other hand, Angular is a full-fledged JavaScript framework that provides a more structured approach to building web applications. The learning curve of Angular can be steep for beginners, but once mastered, it offers a robust set of features like Angular Material for building sleek and responsive interfaces.

In comparison, React allows for a more flexible and lightweight development process, but it doesn't come with as many out-of-the-box features as Angular.

For those who are already familiar with JavaScript, Angular offers a more familiar syntax and structure, making it easier to learn than React. However, React's dependency on external libraries for additional functionality can also be seen as an advantage for developers who prefer a more customizable approach to their projects.

Ultimately, the choice between Angular and React depends on the specific requirements of your project and your personal preferences as a developer.

Whether you ultimately choose Angular or React for your project, both frameworks have their strengths and weaknesses, and it's important to weigh the pros and cons based on your specific needs.


Q: What are the key differences between React and Angular?

A: React is a JavaScript library that is focused on building user interfaces, whereas Angular is a full-fledged framework with its own set of tools and features.

Q: Which framework should I use for front-end development in 2024, React or Angular?

A: Both React and Angular are popular choices for front-end development. It ultimately depends on your specific project requirements and familiarity with each framework.

Q: What are the cons of using React for front-end development?

A: Some drawbacks of using React include the need for additional libraries for state management and routing, as well as a potentially steep learning curve for beginners.

Q: What are the cons of using Angular for front-end development?

A: Angular's complexity and boilerplate code can be considered downsides, especially for smaller projects. Additionally, the framework's steep learning curve may pose a challenge for new developers.

Q: Can I use React and Angular together in a single project?

A: While it is technically possible to use React within an Angular project or vice versa, it is generally not recommended due to the potential conflicts between the two frameworks.

Q: What are the key features of Angular that differentiate it from React?

A: Angular is a TypeScript-based framework that offers two-way data binding and a comprehensive set of tools for building large-scale applications. It also provides built-in features like Dependency Injection and Observables.

Q: In terms of performance, does React outperform Angular?

A: React is known for its fast rendering capabilities, which can lead to better performance compared to Angular in certain scenarios. However, the actual performance may vary depending on the specific use case.

Q: What are the main differences between angular and react?

A. The main differences between Angular and React are in their architecture paradigms. React is a library for building UI components, while Angular is a full-fledged JavaScript framework that provides more built-in features out of the box.

Q: Is React easier to learn compared to Angular?

A. Many developers find React easier to learn than Angular due to its simple component-based architecture and the use of JavaScript instead of a separate templating language.

Q: What advantages does Angular offer over React?

A. Angular provides a more opinionated structure and a full set of tools for developing robust and scalable applications. It also offers features like dependency injection, two-way data binding, and a comprehensive CLI.

Q: Which framework is faster, React or Angular?

A. In general, React tends to be faster than Angular due to its virtual DOM implementation, which optimizes rendering performance by updating only the necessary components.

Q: Will Angular or react be more popular for front-end development in 2024?

A. Predicting the popularity of Angular and React in the future is difficult. Both frameworks have strong communities and continue to evolve. It ultimately depends on the specific requirements of the project and the preferences of the developers.

Q: What kind of applications are better suited for Angular?

A: Angular is best for building complex single-page web applications (SPAs), enterprise apps, content management systems (CMS), real-time dashboards, e-commerce platforms, collaboration tools, and progressive web apps (PWAs).

Q: Is React or Angular better for front-end development in 2024?

A: The choice between React and Angular for front-end development in 2024 depends on various factors such as project requirements, team expertise, and overall goals. Both frameworks have their strengths and weaknesses, so it's essential to evaluate which one aligns better with your specific needs.

Q: What are the key features of Angular?

A: Angular is a TypeScript-based framework that offers features like two-way data binding, a component-based architecture, seamless integration with backend services, dependency injection, and a robust CLI for efficient development processes.

Q: What are the advantages of using React over Angular?

A: React is known for its performance optimization, virtual DOM implementation, reusable components, and flexibility in integrating with other libraries and frameworks. It provides a more lightweight and component-centric approach to building front-end applications.

Q: How does Angular differ from AngularJS?

A: Angular is a complete rewrite of AngularJS, introducing a component-based architecture, improved performance, enhanced modularity, and better support for modern JavaScript practices. AngularJS, on the other hand, follows a different architecture and lacks the features and performance optimizations of Angular.

Q: When should one choose Vue over React and Angular?

A: Vue is preferred for its simplicity, ease of integration with existing projects, and gentle learning curve. If you are looking for a lightweight framework with a flexible ecosystem that can scale as your project grows, Vue might be the right choice for you.

Q: Which framework is better for mobile app development, React Native or Angular?

A: React Native is a popular choice for building cross-platform mobile applications due to its efficiency in sharing code between iOS and Android platforms. Angular, on the other hand, offers the Ionic framework for hybrid app development. The choice between the two depends on project requirements and developer familiarity.

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