Node.js vs PHP – Which is better for Backend development?
- 3 min
PHP and Node.js are both powerful backends for dynamic websites. They both fall under the same category, yet their features are quite distinct.
PHP (hypertext preprocessor) is a general purpose scripting language which has been designed for web development purpose. It was released in 1995, and ever since has been used as the first choice of language preference for content management systems like WordPress, Drupal and Joomla and a number of modern frameworks such as Laravel and Symphony.
Though both Node.js and PHP are both server side scripting languages, they are bound to have various similarities but there exists various dis-similarities as well between the two scripting languages. Let us explore the differences and similarities between them:
These two technologies have some top – level similarities. They are as follows:
A. Interpreted languages
Both Node.js and PHP can be run in their runtime environments. Both PHP and Node.js are interpreted languages.
B. Viable Choices
Both PHP and Nodes.js are used to build websites and both are run on server-side. Different reasons make one more preferred over the other. Node.js is more extensive and faster compared to PHP which may make it a more viable choice. However, some programmers prefer PHP because it is easier to pick up than a Node.js and features an integrated database.
One is not better than the other. It is the uses that determine which one would be more preferable for use.
The difference between PHP and Node.js :
When to use PHP or Node.js?
Both are great server technologies available for use. Deciding on which back end server- Node.js or PHP server depends completely on the nature of your project.
When to use PHP
A. Centralized Server
In case we do not plan on scaling our application across multiple servers we can use LAMP (Linux, Apache, MySQL and PHP) stack. This might change depending on project requirements and growth.
PHP is a highly portable language. The cheap costs of web hosting and the availability of the servers for PHP is comparable to none. PHP can run on almost any platform that has Apache, IIS and a supported database system installed, this makes PHP applications portable and easy to deploy. CMS’s like WordPress, Drupal or Joomla make it easier to create websites and work on almost every web host. WordPress powers 30% of the web.
When to use Node.js
A. Same Language across the Stack
B. Realtime Data
As I mentioned before, Node.js is faster than PHP when it comes to execution speed, if speed is what you require for your application, such as a browser based multiplayer game or a chat application, Node.js is a great choice than PHP.
What is better Node.js or PHP?
Can NodeJS replace PHP?
Why is PHP so bad?
Is PHP losing popularity?
Can I use NodeJS with PHP?
Is Facebook still using PHP?
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